# [Video] E-Math Popular Exam Question: Finding Ratio of Areas in Vectors (Includes 3 Strategies & Revision of Similar Triangles)

In this post, we are going to discuss on the applications of vectors - Finding Ratio of Areas. This is a popular section in examinations and based on my many years of experience, students simply don't like it due to many of them disliking and not making sense of the topic on Similar Triangles.

Strategy #1 : Similar Triangles

In Similar Triangles, the ratio of 2 similar triangles can be easily found by squaring the ratio of their corresponding length.

[pmath]({A_1}/{A_2})=({l_1}/{l_2})^2[/pmath]

Strategy #2 : Common Base/Common Height

I am going to use this examination question below to illustrate the application of Strategy #2. This strategy works when the triangles shared either a common base or a common height. And that the triangles are not similar.

Watch the video below to find out if your answers are correct. Included in this video is a trick which will help you to 'see' your answer faster!

Rate the video or leave me a comment or question.

Strategy #3 : Overlap

When strategy 1 or 2 do not work and the question involves repeated triangles, overlap is the strategy you can apply. Overlap involves equalizing of ratio of THE triangle which overlaps.

### Related Post

E-Math: Vectors - Explain why 3 points are on the same line 3 points on the same line has a term called 'Collinear'. Are you at a loss of how to go about explaining why ABC is a straight line, why ABC is on the...
What You Need To Know To Do Well In Plane Geometry - Part 1 Plane Geometry is the new topic added in the new syllabus. There are hardly any calculations but lots of proving to be done. We know students dislike...
Simultaneous Eqns, Vectors, Gradient of Normal, Binomial Additional Mathematics (A-Math) topics - Simultaneous Eqns, Vectors, Gradient of Normal, Binomial
A-Maths: Plane Geometry Question (Step-by-Step) In this video, I will show you: How to prove that 2 lines are // to each other How to prove a pair of similar triangles How to prove an equati...
E-Math: Basics of Vectors (Plus: Video Solution of an Exam Question) Vector is a nightmare for some students especially if you do not like Physics. But for O level Elementary Mathematics, the few concepts are still quit...

### Ai Ling Ong

Hi, I'm Ai Ling Ong. I enjoy coaching students who have challenges with understanding and scoring in 'O' Level A-Maths and E-Maths. I develop Math strategies, sometimes ridiculous ideas to help students in understanding abstract concepts the fast and memorable way. I write this blog to share with you the stuff I teach in my class, the common mistakes my students made, the 'way' to think, analyze... If you have found this blog post useful, please share it with your friends. I will really appreciate it! :)

### 14 Responses to [Video] E-Math Popular Exam Question: Finding Ratio of Areas in Vectors (Includes 3 Strategies & Revision of Similar Triangles)

1. Very nice video which I think is a very useful learning tool for student.

Just a minor correction on the last part (strategy #3), you've written wrong multiplier for the ratio of ABD : BCD.
Instead of 5x3, you've written 5x5, which might cause a little confusion for viewers. Your narration is correct though.

Nice work!

Reply

alwaysLovely Reply:

Jimmy: Thanks for the encouragement. The video took me a long time :)
I appreciate you in pointing out the error.
I will correct it in my video.
I am still learning on how I can make my video clearer. Seems like the text is a little unclear. Any suggestion?

By the way, you have an interesting website!

Are you from Singapore ?

Reply

2. Well, I think the text is clear enough. When I compare the text in your videos, it seems that the unclear text is usually the questions, which I guess is a scanned image from the hard copy. Perhaps you can try scan them at a better resolution then.
I'm not sure what screen recorder you are using, perhaps you can also tweak the settings of the recording. I'm not an expert myself, but these are just some suggestions I can think of.

I'm not from Singapore but is now in Singapore.

Keep up the good work! :-)

Reply

3. huaan says:

Ms Ong. Why don't we use (3/5)^2 to find the ratio of area? Isn't it ratio of area is square of the bases? I dun understand....

Reply

alwaysLovely Reply:

This is really good question. In fact, the common misconception many students might have too!

I will answer this question by Sunday if nobody responds.

Those who know the answer to huaan question, please leave your comment.

:-)

"You learn best by sharing what you know"

Reply

4. summaiya says:

Hi

We are not using that because the triangles are not similar..We use A1/A2=(l1/l2)^2 .. only when the triangles are similar..

Reply

alwaysLovely Reply:

Good explanation!

Reply

5. jj says:

how do you know the height of the triangles of the same? for both part (a) and (b), i cannot tell whether the height is same or not.

Reply

alwaysLovely Reply:

Height of a triangle (used in finding area) must be perpendicular to its base.

Reply

6. Ryan says:

hi i am new here... Can i ask 1 question? When there is a K,two vectors are parallel and does it mean that both the lines are parallel aslo and therefore the triangles are similar? I confuse ....

Reply

alwaysLovely Reply:

We need to see the diagram before deciding if the triangles are similar.
// lines don't necessarily equate to similar triangles.

Reply

7. Aden says:

Greetings! I WANT TO CLARIFY. How do we know/assume that angle DAB is a right-angle which leaves us to conclude that the height of BC is = to the height of BA? THANKS!

Reply

alwaysLovely Reply:

Are you referring to triangle BCD and ABD?
If so, if we were to consider the base of BCD to be BC, the perpendicular height is the distance between the pair of // lines BC and AD.
Similarly, if the base of triangle ABD is AD, the perpendicular height is also the distance between the pair of // lines BC and AD.

There isn't any assumption that angle DAB is a right angle.

Reply

8. sakib says:

thanks for this share.What to do if area of triangle to area of quadrilateral ratio is told to found out.Please help.

Reply